The newborn is an average of 48-50 cm long. Over the next twenty years the body length increases over three times and in women it is about 160 cm, and in men about 175 cm.
But then, people do not stop growing.
In fact, the body is still growing, even after twenty-five years, and top height is reached at about 35 or 40 years.

What happens after these years?

The person stops the growth and begins to "decrease." Everyone decreases after about forty years of age, about 1 cm every ten years. The reason for this reduction is the gradual loss of water from the cartilage in the spinal column joints.
Do you know that we are higher every morning than last night, and that we are going down during the day?
The rate of growth is changing over different seasons. Young children grow faster in summer than in winter. Better food, a better quality of life and a lot of other circumstances make today's generations higher than average.
The height of growth depends on the work of four glands: the thyroid gland, the pituitary gland, the thoracic glands, and the gallbladder. When these glands work normally and when there is an appropriate balance between their activities, growth is normal.

Why do we stop growing and What is stopping growth?

Pituitary gland stimulates bone growth. If the gland acts excessively, the arms and legs grow too fast, and the hands and feet become very large. If the pituitary gland is inadequate, the person remains small in size.
A child is born with a large chest gland, which grows during childhood.
When a child turns thirteen or fourteen years old, the chest gland starts to replace fatty tissue. At the end of puberty, it is completely lost in most people. In her place remains the fatty tissue. Such reduction in the thoracic gland falls during the time and the sexual glands begins to function.

Sometimes the sexual glands develop too quickly, and the growth of the thoracic gland is prematurely slowed down. In such a case, a person does not reach the average height. As the legs grow later, but, therefore, more than other parts of the body, at this early stage of development, the legs are short.
If the sexual glands start to develop late, the chest gland continues to work, and such persons reach an above-average height.