Foot drop is a condition in which the toes drag and the foot hangs, caused by weakness or paralysis of the muscles on the side of the shinbone.

What Causes Foot Drop

It may occur as a result of damage or inflammation of the nerves supplying the muscles. A muscle disorder, such as myasthenia gravis or one of the muscular dystrophies, can also cause foot drop.

Foot drop treatment

The treatment of foot drop depends on the underlying cause.
If foot drop remains after the treatment, the patient may wear a special splint or a spring on the shoe to prevent stumbling. Occasionally, a physician recommends an operation called an arthrodesis, which stops ankle movement, so that the ankle is fixed with the foot at right angles to the leg.
Alternatively, the base of a tendon may be transplanted from one side of the foot to the other, to strengthen the movement of the foot.