What is Keratitis?Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea, the transparent membrane that forms the front of the eye. If the condition occurs suddenly, it causes pain, sensitivity to light (photophobia), and watering of the eye. If atitis develops gradually, only minor discomfort may result.
Opaque patches in the cornea can cause the patient vision to blur.
What causes keratitis?Keratitis is often a symptom of more general disorder. Virus infections, such as trachoma (chronic conjunctivitis) or herpes simplex may infect the cornea.
Bacteria infection may follow any eye wound.
Keratitis is also a consequence of congenital syphilis or, rarely, tuberculosis.
It most often occurs in children between the ages of 5 and 15.
A deficiency of vitamin A causes dryness of the cornea, which makes it more susceptible to infection.
Keratitis TreatmentFurther damage to the cornea can be prevented with eye drops, containing the drug atropine, to dilate the pupil.
Corticosteroid drugs reduce the inflammation.
It is essential for the eyes to be examined by an ophthalmologist.